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The authority of state law meant that much depended upon where a woman lived and the particular social circumstances in her region of the country.
Mercredi 26 mai. Children, Youth, and Families Gender Issues.
Several international human rights agreements protect children from child marriage, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rightsthe Convention of Eradication of All Forms of Discrimination Against Womenthe Convention on the Rights of the Childand the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child All call for the free and full consent of both parties to marriage, a minimum age of marriage of 18, deation of child marriage as a harmful practice, and protection for the rights of children from all forms of exploitation.
Child marriage also reinforces the vicious cycle of early marriage, low education, high fertility, and poverty.
Setting and enforcing a minimum legal age for marriage is necessary to protect girls, who are more affected than boys by the practice of child marriage. Most countries in the Middle East and North Africa MENA region have laws on the minimum age for marriage, ranging from age 13 in Iran to age 20 in Tunisia for females, and from age 15 in Yemen to age 21 in Algeria for males see table.
Some families take advantage of religious laws that condone an earlier marriage age, and arrange for their daughters to marry in religious wedding ceremonies, postponing the official registration until the bride reaches the legal age. Such practices further disadvantage child brides, leaving them with no legal basis to receive inheritance, alimony, or child support if the husband dies prematurely or abandons his underage bride.
With many families conducting religious ceremonies to marry off their young daughters and a low minimum legal age for girls in some countries, a ificant of girls in the MENA region still get married before age In Yemen, one-third of women ages 20 to 24 are married by age In Palestine, Egypt, and Iraq, ificant proportions of women ages 20 to 24 were married before their 18th birthday see figure.
Among countries with available data, Algeria has the lowest percent of young women who were married before their 18th birthday, 2 percent. Education is the most important factor influencing the age of marriage for women.
Improving access to education for both girls and boys and eliminating gender gaps in education are important strategies for ending child marriage. Increasing the years of compulsory education may be one tactic to prolong the period of time when a girl is in school and unavailable for marriage.
In addition, policies and programs should be geared toward discouraging early marriage by:. Girls who marry young are at a higher risk of domestic violence and sexually transmitted diseases, especially since sex is likely to be unprotected within marriage.
The media can also play a key role in bringing the issue of child marriage to public attention. The media can force policymakers to react, as happened in highly publicized cases in Yemen and Saudi Arabia where girls as young as 9 and 12 were trying to divorce their older husbands.
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In both countries, the publicized cases brought child and human rights advocates and lawyers together to campaign against child marriage. In Yemen, the story caused Parliament to discuss the issue and consider raising the minimum legal age of marriage for girls to 17 years. Until such a law is enacted, advocates are pressing for the Saudi government to ban notaries from legitimizing the marriages of girls under Resource Library.
Article Details Date April 22, Child marriage is a human rights violation.
The Best Defense: Keep Girls in School Education is the most important factor influencing the age of marriage for women. In addition, policies and programs should be geared toward discouraging early marriage by: Encouraging parents to keep their daughters in school until they finish high school and subsidizing the cost for families with limited financial resources. Changing the attitudes of people who condone the practice of early marriage by targeted campaigns and use of the mass media, showcasing the benefits of keeping girls in school for their individual development and well-being, as well as for benefits to their families.
Reaching Out to Young Married Women Girls who marry young are at a higher risk of domestic violence and sexually transmitted diseases, especially since sex is likely to be unprotected within marriage. Decreasing the pressure on young women to conceive through advocacy and education on the dangers of early motherhood. Improving their access to reproductive health care, including family planning services. Providing them with training programs to improve their life skills and ensure that they can earn a livelihood.
Determinants of early marriage among married women in injibara town, north west ethiopia: community-based cross-sectional study
Providing services to victims of domestic violence. The Role of Mass Media The media can also play a key role in bringing the issue of child marriage to public attention. Rhonda Smith et al.